About Feline Infectious Enteritis
Feline Infectious Enteritis (FIE), also known as Feline Panleukopenia, Feline Parvovirus (FPV) and Feline Distemper, is an extremely serious, highly contagious viral disease with symptoms appearing within 10 days after infection that can then lead to death within 3 to 5 days of symptoms occurring. The disease is spread through contact with an infected cat, its equipment and can also be carried by humans on their clothes and footwear that has had contact with the cat, its equipment or living area that may be contaminated with the disease.
Symptoms Of Feline Infectious Enteritis
The main symptoms of Feline Infectious Enteritis are high fever, vomiting, diarrhoea, depression, low apetite, abdominal pain and severe dehydration that can lead to death. The virus can enter the bloodstream, travel to the bonemarrow and lymph glands, leading to a decrease in white blood cells and causing septicaemia which is fatal.
Treatment Of Feline Infectious Enteritis
Kittens are highly vulnerable to Feline Infectious Enteritis as their immune systems are underdeveloped and most often die. Intensive veterinary treatment can be given to adult cats and treatment can consist of re-hydration, antibiotics, blood transfusions and vitamin supplements. Any infected cat must be placed in strict isolation and protective clothing must be worn, hands washed thoroughly after handling, etc to avoid the spread of the disease.
Prevention Of Feline Infectious Enteritis
Feline Infectious Enteritis can be prevented by vaccination. Two vaccines are required initially with kittens normally vaccinated at 9 and 12 weeks of age and then booster vaccinations should be repeated annually.